BLOOD CLOTS.         
What is it?         BLOOD CLOT OVERVIEW
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT)) refers to a blood clot embedded in one of the major deep veins of the lower legs, thighs,
or pelvis. A clot blocks blood circulation through these veins, which carry blood from the lower body back to the heart.
The blockage can cause pain, swelling, or warmth in the affected leg.
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The body creates blood clots as a normal response to blood vessel damage. The main job of a blood clot is to seal the leak
in a damaged blood vessel. This prevents the blood from leaking out and protects the person from bleeding. Clots that
block the arteries (thrombi) and prevent flow of blood and oxygen to an organ can lead to areas of tissue damage, also
called infarcts. And when blood clots break away (embolism) from the area they're meant to protect, they can endanger
other organs.

Three major reasons may lead to formation of a clot inside a blood vessel.  
Reason Number One. Damage to the inside of a blood vessel.
Reason Number Two. Changes in normal blood flow, including unusual turbulence or partial or complete blockage of
blood flow.
Reason Number Three. Hypercoagulability - A rare state in which the blood is more likely than usual to clot.

Three major testing techniques can be used in blood clots diagnosis
CAT scan or computed tomography (CT or CAT scan; a special technique that uses a computer to combine many X-ray
images into a detailed image of an area body that is 100 times more clear than a regular X-ray.
MRI or magnetic resonance imaging ultrasound studies of leg veins or the arteries of the head and neck
An ultrasound of the suspected veins.

Set of medications should be used to stop development of DVT and prevent the condition from worsening. If you suspect
you may have blood clots you should act immediately.
Blood-thinning medications must be taken. Don’t delay with you
visit to primary care physician.
Blood-thinning medications are by prescription only, but Aspirin could make a trick till
you’ll visit your doctor.

Prevention of blood clots is the best way to deal with the problems of heart disease and stroke. It is important to reduce
or quit smoking and to control high blood pressure. High cholesterol levels also present a risk for blood clots and may be
checked by your doctor. A healthy diet and regular exercise also help to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke.

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Disclaimer: is a purely informational website, and should not be used as substitute for professional medical help